谭百德 骑上你的自行车Onyerbike惹谁了【lol下注官网】
来源:2020英雄联盟全球总决赛世界赛下注    发布时间:2021-01-29 02:45:02

s10下注首页|Three long decades ago Norman te bit,a British politician,Became infamous for saying that in the 1930s his unemployed father got on his bike30年前,英国政治家谭德(Norman Tebbit)说,他的父亲失业后骑自行车去找工作,这一发言给了他臭名昭著的、It was meant to be sensible advice。尽管他的初衷是得到明智的建议。But onyerbike,as Mr te bbit came to be known,sparked fury because many unemployed people did not want to move to new areas。

tan baide(后来他被称为Echoes of this are playing out,this time in Virginia .类似的事情最近在弗吉尼亚再次发生。Hillary Clinton has infuriated coal miners in the Appalachian region by suggesting during her presidential campaign that her environmental policility因为在总统选举期间应对,环境政策会导致煤矿工人失业。she then tried to make amends by pledging $ 30 bn to promote measures such as re training;as the financial times reported this week,some miners are becoming software engineers。


她承诺拿走300亿美元推进再教育。正如英国《金融时报》本月报道的那样,一些矿工沦为软件工程师。this sounds reasonable but there is a hitch 3360 appalachia has few software jobs。这听起来很合理,但没有一个问题。

阿巴拉契亚地区的软件工作岗位很少。So far,former coal miners seem unwilling to get on their bikes-or even into their pick-up trucks。到目前为止,失业的煤矿工人可能不想骑他们的自行车3354或骑马。

On one level this seems unsurprising。On another,however,it points to a mystery hanging over The American economy and a policy issue that The next president urgently needs to addedin previous centuries millions of people travelled in search of land,riches and jobs。美国一度以劳动力比欧洲更灵活、流动性更强而闻名。在过去的几个世纪里,数百万人为了寻找土地、财富和低收入而迁移。

But mobility has declined,not just in appalachia but everywhere else as well。但是流动性已经下降。

不仅在阿巴拉契亚地区,在美国所有其他地区也是如此。In 1990,for example,economists calculated that more than 3 per cent of the work force moved across state borders each year;That has tumbled to 1.5 per cent。例如,1990年,经济学家估计每年最多有3%的工人去其他州。

今天,这一比例上升到1.5%。the decline has affected almost all ages,educational groups and regions。这种下降包括所有年龄段、教育水平和地区的人。


Indeed,the only highly mobile group arelow-skilled Mexican Hispanics : as economists Brian cadena and Brian kovak show,Mexican实际上,唯一流动性高的集团就像低技能的西方裔墨西哥经济学家布莱恩卡德纳(Brian Cadena)。White unskilled workers are not。技术低下的白人工人没有这样做。 Why?One theory suggests that,when house prices collapsed in 2008,it left millions of house hold s under water on their mort gages,making itbut this is unlikely to be the only explanation since mobility was already declining in the decade before the crash of 2008,A period when houses were但是,这可能不是唯一的解释。

Policy makers would do well to note an intriguing second theory that emerged this week from the research and statistics group at the new York feded政策制定者最近最好地查看了纽约联邦储备银行(New York Federal Reserve)的研究和统计数据:In the past three decades,as Fatih Kara Han and Darius Li observe,the proportion of正如法蒂赫卡拉汉(Fatih Karahan)和达赖喇嘛李氏(Darius Li)仔细观察的那样,在过去30年里,美国经济中中年员工的比例大幅下降。older workers tend to have less desire-or ability-to move。

年轻员工往往更不愿意或不能搬家。the fact of ageing may partly explain the decline in mobility。

老龄化可以在一定程度上说明流动性的上升。But Mr Kara Han and Mr Li suggest that,when populations age,younger workers also become less willing to move。但是卡拉汉和李指出,人口老龄化时年龄较大,Between 1990 and 2010,mobility rates for middle-aged workers fell from 2 percent to 1 percent;And,for younger workers,from 5.5 percent to 3 percent。

从1990年到2010年,中年员工的离职率从2%下降到1%,老年员工的比率从5.5%下降到3%。while no one knows exactly why this occurs,The ny fed economists suspect The trend reflects The fact that companies are adapting by becoming morea 10 percent rise in the share of middle-aged people implies a 30 percent rise in the share of local hires总结说,中年人的比率下降了10%,当地人的雇佣比率似乎下降了30%这种本地化趋势可能很奇怪。因为通过网络可以创造一个超级连接的世界,职员们更容易集中精力远距离工作。

but if the theory is correct-and I suspect it is-it has two big implications。但是,如果这个理论正确(我猜),可能会产生两个潜在的影响。First,it Helps to explain why so many communities find it hard to adapt to wrenching industrial change and the impact of trade。


首先解释一下为什么 hence the appeal of Donald Trump ' s America first slog aneering on the campaign trail。因此,唐纳德特朗普(Donald trump)在总统选举中明确了美国第一的口号,Second,The Unwillingness of Workers to travel Implies that Policy Makers Need to rethink。其次,职员不愿意搬家的现象可能需要政策制定者深思熟虑。

Instead of offering retraining,the next incumbent in the white house might need to offer big incentives to companies to move。美国下一任总统可能不会考虑获得“The next president may also need a 21st-century version of The 1862 homestead act-which offered land to settlers who went west-”下一任美国总统可能需要开发21世纪版本的1862年《公地田产法》 (Homestead Act,为西部开垦荒地的定居者获取土地),并找到工作人员迁移的新方法。

It will not be easy。这不是一件容易的事。But if mobility keeps falling,the sense of political Polarisation and rage in places such as appalachia will rise。

但是,如果流动性继续下降,政治两极化感和阿巴拉契亚等地区的愤怒将不会激化。Either way,one thing is clear-whatever happens on November 8-the wrenching process of industrial change will not go away。不管怎样。








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